There is a list of more than 20 substances that are controlled by the European law on ozone depleting substances and there are bans and restrictions on their production, import, export, placing on the market, use, recovery, recycling, reclamation and destruction.  These substances are grouped and their common historical uses are presented for information:

  • CFC and HCFCs – mostly  used in refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump systems.  Only HCFCs can continue to be used for a limited period of time.
  • Halons –  used historically as fire suppression agents and fire fighting, but now only allowed in very limited situations
  • Carbon tetrachloride (Tetrachloromethane) – limited solvent use in laboratories and chemical and pharmaceutical industry.
  • 1,1,1,-trichloroethane –  limited solvent use in laboratories and chemical and pharmaceutical industry.
  • Methyl bromide –  historically used in fumigation, soil treatment, pest control, quarantine, market gardening.  Methyl bromide is no longer registered for use in Ireland.
  • Hydrobromofluorocarbons – historically used in fire suppression systems and fire fighting.
  • Bromochloromethane  – historically used in the manufacture of biocides.

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